| Only after the introduction of Buddhism into Japan, the Chinese mainland
culture was root-planted in Japan. This helped the appearance of "Great
Transformation and Reformation" in Japan, and thus made it develop into "a country
of law and regulations." Therefore, the influence of Buddhism on Japan is
When Buddhism was introduced into China, China had passed the first golden age of
academic thoughts of Spring-Autumn and Warring States period, and was in the pioneer
years of the second promising age of academic thoughts of Sui and T'ang Dynasties.
Therefore, although the influence of Buddhism on China is in all aspects yet
absolutely not fundamental.
China and Japan developed westward all because of the military purpose, and then
brought in Buddhism. In the initial stage, although Buddhism was introduced into these
two countries by foreigners, yet the formal introduction of Buddhism into Japan was
initiated and planned by the government which dispatched student sangha to bring in
Buddhism and Chinese regulations and systems.
The Chinese government never dispatched positively people to the west. It was civic
Buddhist sangha who went to the west out of their own faith and perseverance. As a
result, what influenced China are only Buddhism and its culture and arts. The Indian
regulations and systems had no influence on China.
Tracing the reason, the Japanese people is a new people, a root-planted culture,
emphasizing on group, and emphasizing on knowledge, yet the Chinese people is an old
people, a local-originated culture, emphasing on tradition, and emphasizing on
thoughts. Viewed from a certain period, the root-planted culture is promising while
the local-originated culture is weak and declining. But if viewed from a long period,
the root-planted culture would continue to be conditioned by the local-originated