- Effect of Systematic Menstrual Health Education on Dysmenorrheic Female Adolescents' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Self-care Behavior
|與公衛護士互動關係感受、疾病知識、疾病態度與糖尿病自我照顧行為的關係=The Relationships among the Perception of Interactions with Public Health Nurses, Knowledge of Disease, Attitude Toward Disease, and Self-care Behaviors of Diabetes Mellitus
|林冠品; Lin, Kuan-pin;
|非胰島素依賴型糖尿病; 自我照顧行為; 互動關係感受; 知識; 態度; Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus; NIDDM; Self-care behaviors; Perception of interaction; Knowledge; Attitude;
|Objectives: The purpose of this study was to understand the relationships among perceptions of interactions with public health nurses (PHNs), knowledge of disease, attitude toward disease, and self-care behaviors among patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 143 community-based NIDDM cases that were cared for by PHNs from eight public health centers in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. The structured questionnaire included a diabetes self-care scale, perception of interactions with PHNs scale, knowledge of DM scale, and attitude toward DM scale. Results: The results showed that the standardized score for overall self-care behaviors was 62.37. According to each subscale, the diet self-care scale had the highest standardized score, while the foot self-care scale had the lowest standardized score. The perception of interaction with PHNs, knowledge of disease, and attitude toward disease were all significantly positively correlated with self-care behaviors. The perception of interaction with PHNs and knowledge of disease were important predictors of self-care behaviors, and explained 29% of the total variance. Conclusions: According to the findings, PHNs should maintain good interactions with diabetes cases, especially encouraging clients to participate in control over their decisions. PHNs should empower clients to increase decision-making and reinforce the related disease knowledge of clients, so that the clients will comply with self-care plans and improve their overall self-care behaviors.