|In order to cope with the legal war instituted by the People's Republic of China in enacting "Anti-Secession Law" against the Republic of China on March 14, 2005, this article is written for the purpose to enquire into some legal problems and jurisprudential fallacies of the enactment from the perspective of international law, and further to that purpose, to elaborate the question of legal personality and statehood of the Republic of China in that connection. First, this article devotes to investigate the question whether the constitutionalism in Taiwan under the name of the Republic of China is sufficient for the existence of a sovereign State in International Law? Why is Taiwan or the Republic of China not getting proper recognition from other States in international community? Is recognition a prerequisite for a State to get its statehood? Secondly, to explain the legal problems concerning the legislative theory of the statute vis-à-vis international law; thirdly, to deal with the questions of the violation of international law when the People's Republic China resorts to non-peaceful means to solve the issue of independence of Taiwan as provided in the statute; afterwards, finally, to elaborate the evolving concept of sovereignty under the emerging idea of global governance and human rights, in this connection, leads to the conclusion that the ideology behind the statute is awkward and impractical in contemporary international law.