| Dueing to the opening ofTan-Sui harbour to international market in 1860,
the Da-Dau-Cheng region in Taipei city gradually becomes the economic and
cultural center in northern Taiwan. Since then this region has one of the most
important collecting and distributing center of tea, groceries and cloth. This
paper focuses on the following issues: What is the background for the rise of
cloth industry in Da-Dau-Cheng region? How is the process of its development?
And which factors have influenced transformation of the process? We try to
answer the above questions and aims at offering theoretical insights to socio-
economic history of Taiwan by the ecological approach and the world economy
point of view.
To direct our inquiry, we divide our discussion about development of cloth
industry in Da-Dau-Cheng region into three parts.
First, we investigate the ecological location and the rising background of it.
Second, we divide its developmental process from 1860s to 1980s into five stages
: classical dependence period (1860-1894), colonial dependence period (1895-1940),
World War II period (1937-1945), recovering period (1946-1964), and industrializing
Lastly, we further analyze the factors, which influence transformations of this
process, like that international division of labor and world economy, the colonial
economy ruled by Japanese imperialism, World War II and cold War between communist
China and free China, and export-orientation insustrializing policy and its byproduct