|This research examined the self-determination outcomes and issues for youth with mental retardation in Taiwan through qualitative inquiry. Intense participatory interviews and thick interpretation on self-determination with 5 youth with mental retardation were conducted and employed. Seven areas that ecological related to self-determination outcomes were verified by descriptive analytical synthesis and grounded theory. There are community living, family support, self management, autonomy and independence, expression of opinion, psychological adjustment, self concept, as well as community network and social relationship. Recommendations are offered concerning the implications of these findings for community development, social welfare, career education, transition services, and further research.