| From preliminary explorations in various Taiwan area locations, we can
determine that the spirit mediums of Han Taiwanese folk religion vary
enormously. This paper hopes to compare the styles of mediums from Penghu,
Lukang, Jinmen, and Yilan and the significance of their differences. After an
introduction, the second section briefly describes Penghu's jitong (占童
), luanshou (鸞手 ), and cabobut (查某佛, female spirit mediums) . These
descriptions then serve as the basis for comparisons with other regions.
Sections three to five describe the mediums of Lukang, Jinmen, and Yilan. And
then section six compares training procedures, post-training relationships
between mediums and trainers, how mediums spirit messages, how mediums enter
their trance states, and who controls a medium's trance. These differences are
of great significance for the theology, ritual, and social relations of folk
religion. Comparing these differences may give insight into diffusions between
and variations among regional cultures.