|Poetry is the pith of Chinese literature, and it reached the acme of its artistic perfection in T’ang Dynasty. As the poets colored their society with unprecedented charms and flavors, the study of T’ang poetry, therefore, is always an enjoyable work. T’ang Dynasty was also one of dynamic personalities. Traveling poets everywhere not only wrote poems on the road, but also brought them to every corner of the empire, and thus actualized the dynasty’s peculiar phenomenon that “poetry was socialized and society was poetized.”.
Communications between major cities were highly developed in T’ang Dynasty. Yen Ching-Wang in his The Road Maps in T’ang Dynasty made a thorough study of them. The principal stage road was the thoroughfare between Ch’ang An, the capital, and Luo Yang, the East Capital. The other was South Road. In latter T’ang Dynasty, South Road became more and more important as cultural-economic center moved southward. Pai Chü-I, one of the mid-T’ang Poets, traveled to and fro many times along South Road, and wrote quite a few poems about it. For better understanding the main artistic concern of his poetry, the writer of this paper intends to discuss Pai’s poems concerning South Road from three angles—different moods on the same road, poetic communication between Yüan Jen and Pai Chü-I, and the way South Road helped spread T’ang poetry to the ends of the T’ang empire.