- Labor Migration in Taiwan as a Gendered Process--Do Migrants "Earn More" than Non-migrants?
- Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Coal Ash Artificial Reefs at Wan-Li, Northern Taiwan
- Change and Stability in the Dietary System of A Prehistoric: Coastal Population in Southern Taiwan: A Research Design
- Diurnal Vertical Distribution of Ichthyoplankton in I-Lan Bay, NE Taiwan
|題名||Labor Migration in Taiwan as a Gendered Process--Do Migrants "Earn More" than Non-migrants?|
|作者||林季平; Lin, Ji-ping;|
|關鍵詞||臺灣; 勞工流動; Labor migration; Gendered process; Migration selectivity; Occupational segregation; Income discrimination;|
|英文摘要||This paper is descriptive in nature. Based on the 1996-99 micro data sets of the Manpower Survey, I aim to deal with a theme on the gendered process of labor migration, with a particular emphasis on occupational segregation and income discrimination between salaried female and male migrants. The noteworthy findings are summarized as follows. First, although females seemingly are more footloose than males, the pattern of migration schedule suggests that it is mainly shaped by the relatively much higher mobility propensity among the young females aged 15-29. As a matter of fact, females aged 30 and over become less migratory than their male counterparts. Second, in comparison to their male counterparts, the better educated females are relatively more capable of using migration to overcome the imposed socio-cultural constraints. Third, females tend to be fairly migratory than males in either extreme place: the highly urbanized cities or the least developed areas, but this situation shall become reversed in the moderately developed Prefectures/Cities. Fourth, occupational segregation is fair1y gendered. Due to gendered occupational segregation, salaried female migrants have a far below-average income level, suggesting that income discrimination does exist between salaried female and male migrants. Fifth, in terms of salary income distribution, the least discriminated market in Taiwan is Taipei City, whereas the most discriminated market is Kaohsiung City. Finally, labor migration in Taiwan supports a traditional wisdom, that is, an investment in human capital through which every migrant is expected to maximize her/his lifetime gains. However, because of the gendered self-selection, the “success" of migrants in the labor migrants over non-migrants is exaggerated.|